Bible 310 Return to Syllabus

New Testament Background

Jewish

Sects Proselytes -- converts to Judism by circumcision, baptism, and sacrifice
Synagogue -- meeting place for Jewish worship
Temple (courts of priests, Israel, women, Gentiles)
Diagram of Herod's Temple
Sanhedren -- ruling body of the Jews
Belief in one God -- fundamental Jewish belief
Phylacteries-- leather boxes with scriptures worn on forehead and hand
Tassels -- four white with blue thread worn on bottom of robe to remind wearer of the law

Roman

Caesars
  1. Augustus (31 BC - AD 14)
    Octavian given name -- Jesus born
  2. Tiberius (AD 14-37) -- Jesus crucified
    Sejanus, perfect of praetorian guard, appointed Pilate
  3. Gaius Caligula (AD 37-41) -- friend of Agrippa
  4. Claudius (AD 41-54)
    expelled Jews from Rome because of fights over "Chrestus"
  5. Nero (AD 54-68)
    fire in Rome -- persecuted Christians -- last of line
  6. Civil War: Galba, Otho, Vitellius (AD 68-69)
  7. Vespasian (AD 69-79) -- Jerusalem destroyed
  8. Titus (AD 79-81) -- opened Colosseum
  9. Domitian (AD 81-96) -- persecuted Christians

Tax Collection (farmed out to Jewish tax collectors for a share of the tax)

Languages

Coins and Money

Dating of Jesus' birth: between 7 and 4 B.C.


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