Bible 310 Return to Syllabus

Old Testament Background

Adam & Eve
Cain, Abel, and Seth
                 |
                Enoch
                 |
                Noah & the flood
           Shem, Ham, & Japheth
            |  
            Eber 
Melchizedek |   \
        Abraham & Lot   -->  Sodom & Gomorrah
    (Sarah) (Hagar)
     Issac   Ishmael --> Arabs
  Jacob & Esau --> Edomites
 (Israel)
12 sons including (by Rachel)
Levi  Judah      Joseph  Benjamin
 |   trip to Egypt
(Levites)
Moses & Aaron --> priests
Old Testament Law: Balak & Balaam
Joshua & wall of Jericho (Rahab the harlot)
judges, including Samuel
united kingdom:
  1. Saul (from Benjamin)
  2. David, son of Jesse (from Judah) & priest Abiathar
  3. Solomon (built first temple)
divided kingdom:
northern kingdom                         southern kingdom
Elijah (Elias) & Jezebel
Elisha & Naaman
Jonah at Nivevah
8th century prophets                    6th century prophets
Isaiah (Esaias), Amos                Jeremiah (Jeremy), Ezekiel
to Assyria                                   Daniel
   Samaritans                              to Babylon (1)
return & build second temple             from Medo-Persia (2)

Between the Testaments

Alexander the Great from Greece (3) | Antiochus Epiphanes -- sacrificed pig on altar -- cleansing=feast of Dedication (Lights, Hanukkah) Maccabees Apocrypha & Septuagint (LXX) [Greek Old Testament] Destruction of the Samaritan temple on Mount Gerizim Pompey in temple (empty holy place) from Rome (4) 63 B.C. Herod the Great (Edomite) -- built third temple successfully switched alliegence from Pompey to Julius Caesar to Cassius to Mark Antony to Octavian 40 B.C. -- declared King of the Jews by the Roman Senate killed 10 of his closest family and friends Hyrcanus (H.P.) (3) ?????? | | | Alexandra (6) Antipater__ Joseph (2) | | | | Aristobulus (1) Mariamne (5) = Herod = Doris Salome = Costobarus (7) (H.P. drowned) | | (9) | | | Alexander (8) Aristobulus | Antipater (10) Bernice (= Aristobulus) Sohemus (4) _____________|________ ____|_____ (minister) | | | | | | | Archelaus | | Herod Philip = Herodias | Herod Agrippa | Herod Antipas = | Herod | Philip = = = = = Salome = _______|______ = | | | Bernice Agrippa Drusilla

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