MICROSEGMENTATION OF THE "HORTATORY CLIMAX" OF JAMES
POINT: Main Discourse (2:1-4:10)
POINT n:Discourse I (3:13-4:10)
THESIS:Antithetical ¶ (3:13-18) (wisdom)
QUESTION:13a Who is wise and understanding
THESIS:13b By his good life let him show his
works in the meekness of wisdom.
THESIS:14 But if you have bitter jealousy and
selfish ambition in your hearts, do
no boast and be false to the truth.
AMPLIFICATION: Reason ¶
THESIS:15 This wisdom is not such as
comes down from above, but is
REASON:16 For where jealousy and selfish
ambition exist, there will be
disorder and every vile
THESIS:17 But the wisdom from above is first
pure, then peaceable, gentle, open
to reason, full of mercy and good
fruits, without uncertainty or
COMMENT:18 And the harvest of righteousness
is sown in peace by those who make
ANTITHESIS:Persuation ¶ (4:1-10) (wars--enemies--rep.)
INTRO:Rhetorical ¶ (4:1-3) (wars)
QUESTION:1a What causes wars, and what causes
fightings among you?
THESIS:1b Is it not your passions that
are at war in your members?
THESIS1:2a You desire and do not
have; so you kill.
THESIS2:2b And you covet and cannot
obtain; so you fight and
THESIS3:2c You do not have because
you do not ask.
THESISn:3 You ask and do not
receive, because you ask
wrongly, to spend it on
MOTIVATION:Coordination ¶ (4:4-6) (enemies of God)
THESIS:4a Unfaithful creatures! Do you
not know that friendship with
the world is enmity with God?
AMPLIFICATION:4b Therefore whoever
wishes to be a friend of the
world makes himself an enemy
ANTITHESIS:5 Or do you suppose that it
is in vain that the scripture
says, "He yearns jealously
over the spirit which he has
made to dwell in us"?
THESIS:6a But he gives more grace;
AMPLIFICATION:6b therefore it says,
"God opposes the proud,
but gives grace to the
THESIS:Sequence ¶ (4:7-10) (call to repentance)
THESIS:7a Submit yourselves therefore to
ANTITHESIS:7b Resist the devil and he
will flee from you.
THESIS2:8a Draw near to God and he will draw
near to you.
THESIS3:8b Cleanse your hands, you sinners,
and purify your hearts, you men of
THESIS1:9a Be wretched and mourn and
THESIS2:9b Let your laughter be turned
to mourning and your joy to
THESISn:10 Humble yourselves before the Lord
and he will exalt you.