Introduction to Isaiah


Isaiah son of Amoz
Called in chapter 6
prophecied in Southern kingdom of Judah
recognized as a prophet by Hezekiah (chap. 37-38)
most Messianic prophecies (often quoted in N.T.)


8th century B.C.
in reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah
Assyria's invasion was on the horizon
traditionally murdered by Manasseh (sawn in half--Heb. 11:37)
contemporary of Micah (Isaiah 2 = Micah 4) and Hosea


Some say 40-66 by different author (Deutero-Isaiah)
Others say 56-66 by still different author (Tritio-Isaiah)
40-66 contains comfort and assurance rather than warnings
Three views:
  1. Written after exile by a later disciple
  2. Written by Isaiah for people after exile
  3. Written by Isaiah but topical arrangement

Major Divisions

1-12 Often divided into 1-6 and 7-12
13-23 Oracles against the nations
24-35 Often divided into 24-27, 28-33, and 34-35
36-39 History of events in Hezekiah's time
40-66 Comfort and Assurance (servant prophecies)

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